Correlation between Sports Participation and Work Performance of Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Staff: A Preliminary Study

By Rugayah Hashim, Mustaza Ahmad, Zulkifli Baharud-din and Mohd Anuar Mazuki.

Published by The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society

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The oft-said statement “A fit employee is a productive employee” was the basis of this research, henceforth, the objective was to assess the correlation between Universiti Teknology MARA’s (UiTM) staff who participated in sports or any physical activities, versus their work performance. A cross-sectional survey design was employed for this study. Also, the respondents were identified through stratified random sampling and bivariate analyses were carried out on the data collected. Prior to the actual data collection, the instrument has to be tested for validity and reliability. As such, forty respondents were targeted for this preliminary study, of which 27 or 67.5% responded to the online survey. From Pearson’s correlation analysis, there is a weak correlation (r = .058, p=.774) between the two variables measured, which are the participation in sport activities and the annual performance appraisal marks. It was hypothesized that a positive relationship would exist between these two variables but there is a weak relationship. Based on this empirical evidence, it is hoped that the university will revise its policy by emphasizing the need for its 4,000 employees to be more physically active as the benefits gained spills over into other aspects of the individual such as a wellbeing, healthy lifestyle and social existence.

Keywords: Sports Participation, Physical Activity, Wellness, Healthy Lifestyle, Policy, Productivity, University Staff

The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp.49-58. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 729.731KB).

Dr. Rugayah Hashim

Associate Professor, Faculty of Administrative Science & Policy Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Rugayah Hashim is an Associate Professor at UiTM, Malaysia. Her avid interest in sports has resulted in the conducting of this research.

Mustaza Ahmad

Department Head, Sports Center, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Mustaza Ahmad is the head of Universiti Teknologi Mara’s (UiTM) Sports Center. He is actively involved in both national and international sports events hosted by the university and the Malaysian Sports Council. He holds a Master in Sports Management from Ohio University, Athen, OH, USA.

Zulkifli Baharud-din

Deputy Dean, Student Affairs and Alumni, Faculty of Administrative Science & Policy Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Zulkifli Baharud-din is currently the Deputy Dean for students’ affairs and alumni at the Faculty of Administrative Science and Policy Studies, UiTM, Malaysia. He holds a Master of Science in Organizational Behavior from Hartford University, CT, USA.

Mohd Anuar Mazuki

Chief Deputy Bursar, Bursary, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Mohd Anuar Mazuki is the Chief Deputy Bursar for financial and accounting systems at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM). He is also a Chartered Public Accountant (CPA) and holds a Master of Science in Management Accounting from Oklahoma City University, OK, USA.