Knowledge and Beliefs about the Practice of Breast Self-examination among Macau Female Nurses

By Phoenix Weng Ian Pang and Kenneth Sellick.

Published by The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: November 25, 2014 $US5.00

Despite the high prevalence of breast cancer, the survival rate has improved in recent years. In most countries, it is recommended that women of all ages perform breast self-examination (BSE) monthly, including nurses. The main purpose of this study is to survey the BSE practices of Macau nurses, and examine factors that differentiate between BSE performers and non-performers. A proportional sample of female registered nurses working in the hospital (N=84) and community health centers (N=33) in Macau was surveyed using self-report questionnaires. The questionnaires were used for purposes that reflect the knowledge of breast cancer, and the Health Belief Model was used to examine the interrelationships between key measures. The results of this study will be of value to those interested in female nurses’ wellness promotion and public health. The findings will also be of interest to those planning for BSE education programs that target both registered and student nurses.

Keywords: Breast Cancer, Breast Self-examination, Health Belief Model, Nurse

The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society, Volume 3, Issue 4, November 2014, pp.101-111. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: November 25, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 425.215KB)).

Mrs Phoenix Weng Ian Pang

Lecturer, School of Health Sciences, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao Special Administrative Region of China

Phoenix Weng Ian Pang is a lecturer and registered nurse in Macao SAR China. She has a master's degree in nursing from Monash University and a bachelor's degree in nursing from Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macao SAR. Ms. Pang was a clinical nurse. Currently, she is a lecturer at Macao Polytechnic Institute. Her areas of teaching are medical and surgical nursing II & III, clinical nursing teaching in the emergency department and medical and surgical department. Her research interests are female health promotion, emergency management, and nursing students’ training.

Kenneth Sellick

Professor, School of Health Sciences, Monash University, Churchill, Victoria, Australia

Dr. Kenneth Sellick has a long career as a nurse educator, researcher, and academic in the university sector in Australia and overseas. His professional qualifications include registration as a general and psychiatric nurse and as a clinical psychologist. His areas of teaching expertise are health psychology; counseling; community and community mental health nursing; and nursing research, especially quantitative research design, methodology, and data analysis. Has an extensive list of research publications that covers a wide range of nursing and health-related topics along with a strong record of supervising honours, master's, and PhD theses. His main research interests are quality of life of patients with cancer and chronic illnesses, aged care research, depression and loneliness, evaluating nursing interventions, burnout and job satisfaction, and the design of instruments for nursing research.