Motivation is a key factor in determining whether a person will maintain a regular exercise routine. Building on developmental and self-determination theories, the present study examines the extent to which gender, age, and body mass index (BMI) predict exercise motivation. One hundred twelve participants (52 males, 60 females) completed a survey assessing demographic characteristics, BMI, and exercise motivation (EMI2; Markland and Ingledew 1997). Results indicated that men were more motivated to exercise for competition, while women were more motivated for weight management and appearance. Age was positively related to exercise motivation for revitalization, weight management, nimbleness, and avoiding illness. Multiple regression analyses indicated that being female and higher BMI predicted greater exercise motivation for appearance and weight management. Being female, age, and higher BMI predicted exercise motivation for health pressures and to avoid illness. Findings underscore the importance of internalizing the inherent value of exercise in our daily routine in order to enhance health and well-being throughout the lifespan.
|Keywords:||Exercise, Motivation, Physical Activity, Well-being|
Associate Professor of Psychology, Psychology, California State University Channel Islands, Camarillo, CA, USA
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
Graduate Student, Clinical Psychology, California Lutheran University, Thousand Oaks, California, USA