Study of Perceived Quality of Work-related Life and Health among Industrial Employees in an Indian Setting: A Psychosocial Perspective

By Shobhana C. Abhyankar.

Published by The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society

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The present study was aimed at exploring the link between perceived quality of work-related life (QWL) and health among industrial employees. The investigator developed Quality of Work-Related Scale (QWLS) for the study. Abhyankar’s Health Index (HI) was used to assess health status. The incidental sample for the study comprised of 278 employees holding officer/manager positions in manufacturing industry in and around Pune, India. The obtained data were subjected to Pearson product moment correlation and regression analysis. A significant negative correlation was found between QWL and health problems (r= -.46, p<.01). Simple linear regression analysis showed significant contribution of QWL in health (F(1,276)=73.73, p<.01). QWL contributed 21% variance in health problems (ß= -.46, t= -8.59, p<.01). The Satisfaction Index score on QWL showed negative association with health problems (r = -.41, p<.01). The data were further subjected to multivariate regression analysis using stepwise selection procedure, in order to probe into the relative contribution of individual dimensions of QWL in health. Work-life balance, general well-being and work-related stress emerged as the significant predictors of health. They explained, respectively 21%, 5% and 1% variance in health problems. The results are discussed in the light of the available research findings and the psychosocial context in India.

Keywords: Quality of Work-related Life, Health, Industrial Employees

The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp.79-90. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 777.377KB).

Dr. Shobhana C. Abhyankar

Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Psychology, and Vice Principal, UG & PG Dept of Psychology, Arts Faculty., Fergusson College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

The investigator is Head of the Department of Psychology and Vice Principal of Fergusson College, one of the top ten colleges in India. She completed her post graduation in 1978 from Pune University. The Ph.D. degree was awarded to her in 1988. Her specialization is in Industrial Psychology and Organization Behaviour. She has been teaching Psychology in Fergusson College, Pune, India, for last 31 years at undergraduate level and for 10 years at postgraduate level. She has to her credit 12 book publications and 6 research publications at national and international level, publication of 5 more papers is in process. She has delivered plenary lectures and presented papers at national and international conferences/seminars. She worked as a member of Board of Studies at Pune University; and was an active member of the team to bring about innovative changes in curriculum. At present she is working on a minor research project on Quality of Work-related Life and Health in Indian industrial setting, approved and funded by University Grants Commission, New Delhi. Her areas of interest are stress and health.