Oral Health, Quality of Life and Physical Health

By Elham Emami, Pierre De Grandmont, Pierre Rompré and Jocelyne Feine.

Published by The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society

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Identifying factors that promote healthy aging is essential. Therefore, we tested the influence of edentate seniors’ oral health related quality of life on their perceived general health.
Oral health, quality of life and perceived general health of two hundred twenty five edentate elders were assessed following restoration with two types of oral rehabilitation. Outcomes were measured pre and post treatment with the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-20) and the SF-36. The regression model demonstrated, after controlling for socioeconomic variables and type of treatment, OHIP pre and final scores (p<0.001) and SF-36 physical component baseline scores (p<0.001) predict physical component final scores.

Thus, preserving oral health related quality of life is an important factor in maintaining seniors’ perceived physical health.

Keywords: Oral Health Related Quality of Life, Clinical Trial, Perceived General Health

The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp.157-170. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 882.965KB).

Dr. Elham Emami

Assistant Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Dr. Elham Emami is a Clinician Scientist and the Director of the Oral Health and Rehabilitation Research Unit in the Department of Restorative Dentistry at the Université de Montréal, Quebec, Canada. Dr. Emami attended Tehran University where she received a DDS in 1985. She completed her Postgraduate training in Prosthodontics at the Université de Montéal, as well as an M.Sc. in Science. She then completed her Ph.D. training in Biomedical Sciences in a joint program at the Université de Montréal and McGill University. She is currently undertaking her post-doctoral training in the Oral Health and Society Research Unit at McGill University. Her research interests include pathways relating oral and general health with prosthodontic interventions.

Dr. Pierre De Grandmont

Associate Professor, Faculty of Dentistry, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Pierre de Grandmont, associate professor, is part of the Faculty of Dentistry at the Université de Montréal. He is director of the post-graduate program in Prosthodontics and also teaches at the undergraduate level. He is a member of the GRAMDENT research group. His research focuses on the impact of prosthetic endeavours, particularly in terms of oral-related quality of life, oral health and function. Dr. de Grandmont also collaborates in sleep disorders’ studies. He is associate editor of the International Journal of Prosthodontics.

Pierre Rompré

Biostatistician, Faculty of Dentistry, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Pierre Rompré, BSc (Biophysics), MSc (Chemical Engineering), MSc (Statistics). is a Biostatistician in the Faculty of Dentistry at Université de Montréal. He has been involved with health research activities since 1991. His main research interests are oral health and general health with a focus on sleep bruxism, sleep apnea, oral health related quality of life and denture stomatitis.

Prof. Jocelyne Feine

Professor, Faculty of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Oncology, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Jocelyne S. Feine, DDS (Univ. Texas), MS (Univ. Texas), HDR (Université d’ Auvergne) Jocelyne Feine is Professor in the Faculty of Dentistry and Associate Member in the Departments of Epidemiology & Biostatistics and Oncology in the Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Professor Feine’s research interests involve the assessment of therapies and technologies intended to improve function and life quality in populations with chronic orofacial conditions, such as tooth loss and pain. In particular, Dr. Feine develops and carries out transdisciplinary randomized clinical trials with expert teams of local and international collaborators. She is author of numerous book chapters, and her manuscripts have been published in peer-reviewed dental and medical journals. Dr. Feine has presented her work at university and professional conferences worldwide.