Sleep Pattern Disturbance among Undergraduate Nursing Students and the Association with Their Academic Performance

By Amal Khalil.

Published by The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society

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Background: sleep is a vital part of students’ development, poor or inadequate sleep can have dramatically negative impact on a student’s daily functioning, particularly school performance. Therefore, this research was designed to investigate the incidence of sleep disorders among nursing students, and its effect on their academic performance. Participants and methods: A quantitative descriptive correlational design was used to collect data from 130 nursing students from stream one and two with different academic levels at college of nursing, Jeddah. Our tool consists of three main parts including: demographic data of the target group, sleep, and daytime habits Questionnaire (QS and DH) was adopted from Jain et al. (2013). The QS, and DH has different Likert point scale, it consists of twenty-five questions that enquires about sleep and daytime habits, and three inquires covered students’ life-style pattern and academic performance and only one query asking about course curriculum effect. An Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) was also included to identify sleep disorder as well grade point average was recorded for academic performance. Results: There were 130 responses with a response rate of nearly 55 percent. The ESS score demonstrated that 33.2 percent of participants were considered to have abnormal sleep habits, with a negative correlation -.036 between academic performance and those having problems of sleep disorder and positive correlation .089 between academic performance and course curriculum. Conclusion and recommendation: Study reported presence of sleep disorder among studied group of nursing students. Analysis of the correlation between sleep disorder and academic progress indicates a significant relationship between abnormal ESS scores, QS and DH, and academic performance. Therefore, an educational program should be developed to educate the undergraduate nursing students about the importance of adequate sleep to their academic performance, and general physical and psychological wellbeing.

Keywords: Sleep Disorders, Nursing Students, Academic Performance

The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society, Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2017, pp.1-17. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 941.097KB).

Dr. Amal Khalil

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufyia University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia