Barriers Contributing to Health Disparities among Latinos in the United States

By Cara Maffini, Ahmed YoussefAgha, Wasantha Jayawardene, Elizabeth Perez-Medina and Mohammad Torabi.

Published by The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Increasing ethnic diversity in the United States brings new challenges to many fields, including public health. Health care is a salient issue for many Americans, yet many ethnic minorities, immigrants, and people of low socio-economic status are unable to receive appropriate health care for many reasons. Latinos, for example, incur challenges related to health insurance, geographic location, language and communication, and immigration status. In fact, Latinos have the highest rates of uninsured people among all racial or ethnic groups in the U.S., a rate three times higher than that of the non-Hispanic White population. This review of literature examines research concerning these barriers to health care for Latinos living in the U.S. Policy makers should evaluate these barriers when addressing methods to remedy public health issues for this population.

Keywords: Latinos, Hispanics, Health Disparities, Health Insurance, Geographic Location, Language, Immigration Status

The International Journal of Health, Wellness and Society, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp.163-178. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.089MB).

Cara Maffini

Doctoral student, Department of Counseling Psychology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA

I am a PhD candidate in Counseling Psychology at Indiana University. I study multicultural issues and am interested in historical, legal, social, and systemic factors that lead to disparities in health and mental health among ethnic minorities in the U.S. Another segment of my research explores protective and risk factors that influence participation in violence among at-risk youth.

Prof. Ahmed YoussefAgha

Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA

I have worked as a Biostatistician for the Oncology Department of Novartis Pharmaceutical, a Biostatistician for Health Outcome Innovations in Humana Health Insurance, an Adjunct Faculty in Computer Sciences Department of Spalding University, KY, a Research Assistant in School of Public Health, University of Louisville, KY, an instructor in computer studies in the American University in Cairo, Egypt, and a Management Information System Specialist of US-Aid Programs for Development in Egypt. I’m interested in the integration of Biostatistics, Decision Analysis Techniques, and Computer Sciences for researches in Public Health. My research works include: Abuse of Prescription and Non-Prescription Drugs among Indiana Adolescents; an Extension of Stochastic Tree Model Utilizing WAFT Model; Multiobjective Simulation-Based Methodologies for Disease/Injury Treatment; Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer: How Presentation of Recurrence Risk Influences Decision-Making; Redesigning UofL Occupational Health Surveillance Program Databases; The Egyptian Industries’ Needs for Entering the International Markets; Old Cairo Tanneries Relocation Project; and The Implications of Business Regulations on Small Enterprises in Egypt.

Dr. Wasantha Jayawardene

Doctoral student, Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA

I obtained my medical degree in Moscow and completed medical internship in Sri Lanka followed by working as a Regional Epidemiologist in Sri Lanka for three years. During this period, I had also been conducting rehabilitation following South-Asia Tsunami, post-war rehabilitation, and attended three WHO workshops on management of epidemics in South-East Asia. I have conducted research on “Psychological Distress Among Nurses Caring for War-Victims in Sri Lanka”, which was accepted by Journal of Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness for publication. One of my other researches is “Prevention of Dengue fever: an exploratory school-community intervention involving students empowered as change agents”, which was accepted by Journal of School Health for publication. Few researches/reviews are also completed: Dimensions of HIV/AIDS in Africa; Characteristics of Diabetes Epidemic across Global Regions; Abuse of Prescription and Non-Prescription Drugs among Indiana Adolescents; Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Violence and Bullying among Adolescents across Global Regions.

Elizabeth Perez-Medina

Graduate student, Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA

Prof. Mohammad Torabi

Interim Dean - Chancellor's Professor, School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA